Atlantic City, an Early Tourism History

People apperceive Atlantic City-limits today as a bank hotspot. But Atlantic City’s history is abundant added absorbing than a simple aperture machine. Atlantic City-limits was congenital in March of 1854, and that aforementioned year the aboriginal commuter railroad alternation fabricated its way down the new band from Philadelphia. The absolute cruise of about 60 afar took 2.5 hours, but by the trip’s end, as the aboriginal vacationers stepped off the alternation and assimilate the beach, the era of Atlantic City-limits tourism had begun.

After 1860, Atlantic City-limits became one of the hottest vacation destinations in America. Its primary draw – area – fabricated it attainable from several aloft burghal areas, decidedly Philadelphia. People from all over would army to the city’s beaches to adore summer activities. At the time, Atlantic City-limits focused its energies on getting a bloom resort. Doctors would even appoint the city’s “sea air” as a antidote for stress, pain, and even insanity. As the citizenry and tourism grew, the businesses began to aggrandize and move afterpiece to the beach.

There was alone one botheration with the abutting adjacency to the bank – the bank itself. Merchants were inundated with bank dragged, alone and deposited in their establishments. In the backward 1860s, railroad architect Andrew Boardman proposed a solution. Along with others, he appropriate a aisle that would acceleration aloft the bank and acquiesce beachgoers to apple-pie their anxiety afore abrogation the beach. On June 26, 1870, the plan was accomplished – a board aisle was completed that afar the bank from the blow of the city. Boardman’s Walk – as it was alleged – was the world’s first. The name was eventually beneath to “Boardwalk”. Plus, as an official Atlantic City-limits “street”, Boardwalk was (and still is) consistently spelled with a basic B.

As appeal for added beachfront amplitude rose, the Boardwalk grew. This amplification led to the apparatus in 1884 of addition Atlantic City-limits staple, the rolling chair. A canopied armchair advised to be pushed from behind, it fabricated traveling the breadth of the ever-expanding Boardwalk easier for affluent vacationers.

Boardwalk absolute acreage became a prime location. All sorts of beachside attractions sprang up, from action piers to sideshows to achievement theaters to baby vendors affairs Salt Water Taffy (another Atlantic City-limits first) and more. Steeplechase Pier, Steel Pier, Heinz Pier, the Million Dollar Pier, and others fabricated their august debuts in those aboriginal few decades of accelerated development.

Between 1890 and 1940, Atlantic City’s history becomes beneath a individual alternation of events, but rather a alternation of “oddities” and “firsts.” So abundant happened in Atlantic City-limits during its heyday: presidents came to speak, magicians addled audiences, action piers came and went and came again, and endless added $.25 and pieces of history were made. Atlantic City-limits had razzle-dazzle, craziness, in-your-face showiness, accumulated enterprising, and aggregate in between.

The aboriginal account postcards in the U.S. were angle of Atlantic City-limits in 1872. Salt Water Taffy was invented and called there about 1880. The aboriginal air-conditioned amphitheater opened in the summer of 1896. Although Chicago holds acclaim for the aboriginal “Ferris Wheel,” it was in 1891 that Williams Somers congenital an “observational roundabout” on the Boardwalk. It was this caster ride that was empiric and bigger aloft by George Washington Gale Ferris for the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair, and it is his name, not Somers’, that is today absorbed to the ride.

The cord of “firsts” connected into the 20th century. In 1915, the aboriginal non-subsidized attainable busline system, The Atlantic City-limits Jitney, was established. The aboriginal commuter airline account fabricated its way through Atlantic City-limits in 1919, the aforementioned year that the appellation “airport” was coined. Of course, the Miss America celebration started actuality in 1921, and connected actuality for decades. The aboriginal official assemblage anteroom opened its doors in Atlantic City-limits in 1929. For golfers, the argot agreement “Eagle” and “Birdie” were aboriginal acclimated here.

By 1944, the Atlantic City-limits Boardwalk continued a amazing seven afar down the bank of Absecon Island – catastrophe in Longport, three cities south. However, in the abatement of that year, a massive east bank blow destroyed a lot of of the Boardwalk, abounding attractions and several action piers. The Boardwalk would eventually be rebuilt to a beneath ambit of about 5.75 afar (including the Ventnor section).

The blow of 1944 may accept been the harbinger that bankrupt the accepted camel’s aback for Atlantic City-limits tourism. Commercial airline travel, affected in the 1930s and 1940s, was authoritative alien destinations (such as Florida and the Bahamas) added accessible. There was beneath charge for a bounded vacation destination, and Atlantic City-limits tourism began its abiding decline. By the 1960s, Atlantic City-limits was all but dead. With about no day-tripper income, top unemployment, and low population, something bare to be done.

In 1970, a bill was alien to the New Jersey Accumulation suggesting the amends of bank statewide as a way to addition Atlantic City’s economy. The bill was alone and the abstraction dropped, partly due to burden from beef groups adjoin the abstraction of legalized bank in New Jersey. At that point, the alone accompaniment in the U.S. with legalized bank was Nevada (established in the 1930s). Three agnate bank bills were brought to the accumulation afore it was assuredly accustomed in 1976, and alone afterwards the bill was adapted to acquiesce for bank alone at Atlantic City, and not statewide as the antecedent proposals had suggested. A simple 18 months later, in May 1978, the aboriginal bank in Atlantic City-limits – Resorts International – opened its doors. In the after years, added casinos bound followed suit, and a new beachcomber of tourism began.

– Junkets To Atlantic City